What is Carpetgrass and Tropical carpetgrass?


Carpetgrass turf
Photo credit: Herb Neufeld Flickr CC BY 2.0

Turfgrass Quick Facts: Carpetgrass (Axonopus affinis) and Tropical carpetgrass (A. compressus)

Carpetgrass is a dense sod forming warm season turfgrass used in the southeastern U.S. It is also called flatgrass, Louisianagrass, and petit gazon (French for small lawngrass).

Carpetgrass is native to tropical regions of the Americas and the West Indies.

Carpetgrass Characteristics

  • Tolerates wet soils
  • Tolerates acid soils
  • Low fertilizer
  • Not drought or cold tolerant

What is Blue grama grass?


Turfgrass Quick Facts: Blue grama (Boutaloua gracilis)

Blue grama grass seedheads Phtoto credit: colorado art studio CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Blue grama grass plants Phtoto credit: colorado art studio CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Blue grama is a perennial warm season bunch grass native to the U.S. and Canada.  It has become popular as a drought tolerant alternative grass in water wise landscapes and is often planted with Buffalograss.

Blue grama (Boutaloua gracilis) characteristics

  • Very cold tolerant
  • Drought tolerant

What is Kentucky bluegrass?


Turfgrass Quick Facts: Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis)

Individual Kentucky bluegrass plant with seed head an rhizomes.
Source: Veldbeemdgras Wikipedia CC BY-SA 3.0
typical Kentucky bluegrass turf
Photo credit: eXtension.org: Gardens, Lawns, and Landscapes CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Kentucky bluegrass is one of the most popular cool season turfgrasses in the United States. Its dark green leaf color and superior traffic tolerance makes it a top choice for the residential and recreational landscape.

Kentucky bluegrass is more drought tolerant …

What are Fine Fescues?


Sheep fescue used in a water wise lawn

Photo source: Go Natural: Support a Pesticide Free Calgary Bylaw CC BY-NC-ND 3.0

Turfgrass Quick Facts: Fine Fescues (Festuca species)

A variety of fine fescues types are available. These cool season turfgrass species tend to be more shade tolerant and have finer leaves than Tall fescue.  Many cultivars of each type are available.

Five Basic Types of Fine Fescue

Creeping red fescue (Festuca rubra subspecies rubra)

Slender creeping red fescue …

Selecting Appropriate Turfgrass Species

The lawn is generally a significant and permanent part of the home landscape; therefore, selecting the appropriate turfgrass species for the landscape is an important decision. Remember that regional differences exist in wear, drought, heat, and cold tolerance.

Turf species are often planted in mixes. Blends of cultivars or species increase genetic diversity which improves resistance to disease and pest problems.

When selecting turfgrass species, consider the following qualities:

  • Winter hardiness
  • Heat tolerance
  • Amount of sunlight
  • Water requirements
  • Fertilizer needs

Transition Zone Turfgrass Species

 

Transition Zone Turfgrass Species

Transition zones are areas where neither cool nor warm season grasses are completely adapted. Summers tend to be too hot for cool season turfgrass to do well, while winters are too cold for good warm season grass survival.

This region ranges from the coastal states of Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas, Missouri, far eastern Oklahoma, and Kansas.

Tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass are cool season turfgrasses used in the northern parts of …

Irrigating the Parking Strip

Irrigating the parking strip (also called a park strip) is often a challenge.  Parking strips are often long and narrow and in some cases irregular in shape.

         

sprinklers overspraying onto a sidewalk

 

Sprinkler overspray wastes water. Photo credit: Adrien  Flickr CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

 

soaker hose emitting water droplets

 

Using drip emitters or soaker hoses in the parking strip can help save water. Photo credit: JobyOne Flickr CC BY 2.

Irrigation of these areas is often overlooked, and parking strips can become unsightly.  Property owners adjacent to the park strip …

Parking Strips: Water Conserving or Weed Magnet?

Parking strips can be either water conserving or weed magnets. Parking strips are often “out of sight, out of  mind” for many homeowners, especially in older neighborhoods without pressurized irrigation systems and can quickly become weed magnets.

Dragging a hose across the sidewalk is inconvenient and possibly dangerous to pedestrians.

One way to address this issue is to create a water conserving park strip. A water conserving parking strip is simply a parking strip that uses less water than …