Practicing water conservation isn’t just for the ornamental landscaper; commercial as well as home orchards can also be water wise and water efficient.
Ways to Conserve Water in Orchards
- Perform a distribution uniformity test of your irrigation system
- A distribution uniformity between 90-100% is considered a uniform system; this ensures that plants are watered evenly and more efficiently
- This also helps avoid excess water application and runoff
- Perform regular maintenance
- Check for line breaks
- Check for plugged emitters
- Clean filters
Mint Family (Lamiaceae / Labiaceae)
Greek oregano is one of many perennial herb species in the genus Oreganum native to the Mediterranean region. It tends to get woody over time.
This mid-summer blooming plant loves full sun, hot temperatures, and well drained dry soil. It grows up to about 24 inches tall and 18″ wide and will survive to USDA planting zone 5.
Good Greek oregano should have …
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) is an annual plant native to higher elevations of Mexico and western South America. A distinctive feature is its long spur where nectar is concentrated.
Plants can be upright or trailing and grow to about 15 to 16 inches high and three or more feet if trailing.
Small to large showy flowers bloom in spring through summer and into fall depending on the climate. Cultivars are available …
Mint Family (Labiatae / Lamiaceae)
Rose of Mary
Rosemary is a drought tolerant aromatic evergreen herb native to the Mediterranean region. It is also grown as a perennial landscape plant in areas where winter temperatures seldom dip below zero.
Plant as a perennial in USDA Hardiness Zones 6 through 9 (some references list Zones 8 through 10).
Rosemary can grow up to 4 to 6 feet tall and wide eventually becoming …
Carrot or Parsley Family (Apiaceae / Umbelliferae)
- Biennial herb native to the Mediterranean region of Europe
- First year plants are leafy and grow to about 1 to 2 feet tall
- Second year flower stalk can reach 3 feet in height
- Umbel type greenish white flowers bloom in early summer
- The two most popular types of parsley are flat leaf or Italian parsley (Petroselinium neapolitanum) and curly leaf parsley
Carrot or Parsley Family (Apiaceae formerly Umbelliferae)
Dill is an annual herb native to the Mediterranean region. Dill has a distinct smell and flavor. The seeds and leaves are used for flavoring a variety of dishes and the seed heads are often used as flavoring for pickles.
These tall narrow plants can reach 5 feet in height. Staking or planting among other taller plants reduces lodging (blown over by …
Carrot or Parsley Family Apiaceae formerly Umbelliferae
Coriander, Cilantro, Chinese parsley
- Annual herb native to the Mediterranean rim countries
- Used extensively in Mexican, Caribbean, and Asian cuisine
- Umbel shaped flower heads grow to 3 feet tall and about 8 inches
- Bloom in summer
- Seeds are referred to as coriander and leaves are referred to as cilantro
- All parts of this plant, including roots, are edible
- Plant in a sunny dry location but supply additional
Borage Family (Boraginaceae)
Borage, Burrage, Common bugloss
- Annual herb native to the Middle East
- Fast growing
- Prolific re-seeder but can be easily hand weeded
- Grows to 2 to 3 feet tall and 18 inches wide
- Hollow stems tend to break if plants don’t have support. For best results, plant borage in groups among other plants in the garden.
- Five pointed blue or white flowers in clusters at the end of the main
Mint Family (Lamiaceae / Labiatae)
- Popular sub-shrub native to western and northern Asia and Russia
- Grows to about 3 to 5 feet tall and wide but is also available in dwarf cultivars
- Silvery gray leaves and tall spikes of attractive blue flowers that bloom from mid to late summer through fall
- Grows well on dry well-drained soils with no fertilizer
- Does best in full sun
- Tends to flop over with too
Verbena Family (Verbenaceae)
Bluebeard, Common bluebeard, Blue mist shrub, Blue spirea
- Blue mist spirea is a small twiggy shrub native to Asia
- A number of cultivars are available in the nursery trade.
- This shrub can range from 24 to about 48 inches tall and wide
- Clusters of blue tubular flowers bloom from late summer through fall
- Does best in well drained dry soils with little to no fertilizer
- Requires full sun for optimal