Plants for the Water Wise Pollinator Garden: Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)


Plant Family

Aster Family (Asteraceae / Compositae)

Common Names

Echinacea, Purple coneflower, Eastern purple coneflower


  • Native to the eastern and mid-western United States and parts of Canada
  • This popular garden plant is considered a stalwart in pollinator gardens
  • Not considered particularly water wise in more arid regions
  • Consider grouping Echinacea with other less water wise pollinator plants closer to a water source
  • Water requirements range from 14 to 40 inches but coneflower does best on moist well drained soils
  • This plant grows to about 3 feet tall and wide, depending on cultivar
  • Large numbers of showy purple flowers top dark green leaves blooming in summer through fall
  • Cultivars are available in white, pink, orange and a range of purples
  • Purple coneflower required full sun for best growth and is hardy from USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 9



Bee visiting flower
Bee visiting Purple coneflower Photo credit: BlueRidgeKitties Flickr CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
Purple flowers with large centers
Mass of Purple coneflower Photo credit: Jordan Meeter Flickr CC BY 2.0

Additional Resources:

USDA Plant Database – Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench


Florida –Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower
South Carolina – Echinacea


Texas – Purple coneflower