‘Firewise’ planning, landscape design, and maintenance is important in areas where fires frequently occur. Homes built on the wildland / urban interface are particularly susceptible to the destructive effects of wild fire.
Proper design firewise planning and design includes creating several landscape zones to create a defensible space around buildings and other structures.
Four basic zones are recommended for creating and planning a firewise landscape design:
- Provide at least a 30’ buffer where tall plants are not grown on all sides of buildings and other structures
- Mow tall dry grass
- Provide enough space for fire suppression equipment to access the entire site
- Use fire resistant plant species
- Use proper irrigation close to building and structures
- Use low growing fire resistant plant species
- Use irrigation in this zone
- Plant low growing fire resistant plants
- Properly place trees away from structure and space them far apart
- Fuel load (vegetation volume) should be low
- Furthest zone from the building structure
- Use natural plantings
- Thin out highly flammable species
Although using fire resistant plants is important, appropriate planning and design is a large part of fire prevention.