Creating Your Own Worm Farm

Creating your own worm farm can be a fun and rewarding way of getting rid of food scraps and reducing waste going into the landfill.

Composting with worms or vermicomposting is the process of adding worms to a bin or other container to speed up the process of organic material decomposition and create a nutrient rich compost.

Redworms or red wriggler worms are a type of earthworm most commonly recommended for bin composting indoors. This type of composting is ideal for apartment dwellers and other situations where outdoor composting is not appropriate.

Do not be tempted to use the larger garden nightcrawlers which prefer cooler soils and need the ability to tunnel through the soil.

Redworms used for composting need the following to survive and reproduce.

  • Moisture
  • Warmth
  • Food
  • Bedding
  • Darkness
  • Oxygen
Worm bin used for composting
Diagram of a worm bin Image credit: di.wineanddine Flickr CC BY-NC-SA 2.0


Additional Resources:


Nevada – Starting a Worm Farm
Washington – Cheap and Easy Worm Bin


Missouri – Worm Composting Reduces Household Wastes
Nebraska – Vermicomposting: Composting with Worms


South Carolina – Worm Composting